He launched a systematic criticism of moderate politics through a series of
articles entitled ‘New Lamps for Old’ (1893-94), while serving as a lecturer
in Baroda. He also advocated the doctrine of ‘Passive Resistance’ in a series
of articles in 1907 in Bande Mataram, of which he was the editor.
    He played an important role in the Anti-Partition movement. Later he
became the principal of the Bengal National College started in Calcutta in
1906 as part of the scheme of national education.
    He was arrested by the British in 1908 due to his involvement in the
Kennedy murders, following which he escaped to Pondicherry in 1910 and
concentrated on philosophical, spiritual and literary activities. Some of his
books were Savitri (the longest epic poem in English), The Life Divine, etc.
Emergence of Lal-Bal-Pal Trio due to Weaknesses of Moderates The
major drawback of the early nationalists was that the movement was confined
to educated Indians and the middle class and was concentrated in the
Presidencies. The method of functioning was within the law and slow. The