for an all-India organisation. So, when A.O. Hume, a retired English civil
servant took the initiative in organising such an association, all of them
cooperated with him. Thus came the foundation of the Indian National
Congress. Its first session was held in Bombay in December, 1885 under the
Presidentship of W.C. Bonnerji, and it was attended by 72 delegates from all
over India. Its second session was held in Calcutta in December, 1886.
                   The First Indian National Congress, 1885
    The history of the Indian nationalist movement from now onwards can be
seen in three different phases or periods—the Moderate phase or the period
of the Early Nationalists (1885–1905), the Extremist phase or the period of
the Militant Nationalists (1905–18), and the Gandhian Era (1918–47).
    Periods of Nationalism               Involvement of Social Classes
  Moderate Phase (1885-         Urban English educated upper middle
  1905)                         classes
  Extremist phase (1906-        Urban lower middle classes
  Gandhian Phase (1919-         Real Masses (Peasants and workers)