(ii) In the late 19th century they  launched a relentless campaign against the
(iii) C V Raman Pillai organised an association and attacked Brahmin
predominance in government jobs.
(iv) K Ramakrishna Pillai attacked the court of Travancore state through his
journal Swadeshabhimani.
Choose the answer from the codes given below:
(a) i, ii and iii
(b) i, iii and iv
(c) ii, iii and iv
(d) All of them
Which of the following statements about Jyotiba Phule are true?
(i) He came from the lowly caste of ‘Mahar’ in Maharashtra, but was well
educated.
(ii) He founded the Satyashodak movement in 1870’s.
(iii) He proclaimed the need to save the lower castes from the hypocritical
Brahmins and their opportunistic scriptures.
(iv) He founded a newspaper, New India in 1880.
Select the answer from the codes given below:
(a) i and ii
(b) iii and iv
(c) ii and iii
(d) i and iv
Which of the following statements about the Satyashodak movement are
true?
(i) It was dual in character, containing both elitebased conservatism and
mass-based radicalism.
(ii) Elite-based conservatism could be seen in the trend representing the
desire of the urban educated members of the intermediate and lower castes to
move upwards in the social ladder by sanskritisation.
(iii) Mass-based radicalism could be seen in the trend representing the desire
of the rural Maratha peasants, to do away with the evils of the caste system
itself.
(iv) Both the trends were, however, anti-British.
Choose the answer from the codes given below:
(a) i, ii and iii
(b) i, ii and iv