Savitribai Phule was born in the backward Mali community on 3rd
January, 1831 in a small village Naigaum of Satara district in
Maharashtra. She was married at a very tender age of nine to Jyotiba
Phule. She was the first female teacher of India’s foremost women’s
school. She was also a poet and was considered a pioneer of Marathi
poetry. Her husband encouraged her to get proper education and engage
herself in the liberation of the female folk of Naigaum. In the year 1852, a
school for untouchable girls was opened by her.
Personal Life: Born 10 years before Pandita Ramabai, Savitribai could
express herself in the most radical and eloquent terms. She was the first
woman teacher, the first woman educationist, the first poet and the
foremost emancipator of women. If Savitribai were not to undergo the
ordeals she went through, the women of India would not have attained
even the status they have today in society.
Savitribai Phule worked enormously for social reform. During the time
of epidemic, she herself fed around two thousand children. However, she
also suffered from the disease and passed away on 10 March, 1897. Her
name would be scripted in gold whenever history of women development
in India would be accounted.
Education of Women and Other Reforms: Savitribai Phule continued
with teaching the girls despite all oppositions from the society. Slowly she
established herself and was honoured by the British government for her
contribution to education. She also supported her husband in every social
struggle that he launched. They were moved by the condition of the
widows and untouchables in the society. Thus, Savitribai shared every
activity in which her husband was engaged. After his death, she took over
the charge of Satya Shodhak Samaj. Savitribai’s poems and other writings
are still an inspiration to others. Her two books of poems Kavya Phule and
Bavan Kashi Subodh Ratnakar were published.