which provided for reservation of seats for the community in the general
(Hindu) constituencies.
    He founded the Independent Labour Party in 1936 which captured all
the scheduled caste seats in Bombay presidency in the 1936-37 general
elections. Later, in 1942, he organised the All India Scheduled Castes
Federation as a political party. To promote the interests of his community
he established the Peoples Education Society in July 1945.
    Ambedkar served on the Governor-General’s Executive Council as
member for Labour during 1942-46. Later, the Congress nominated him to
the Constituent Assembly in whose deliberations he was to play a
prominent role. Apart from being the law minister in Jawaharlal Nehru’s
Cabinet, he was also chairman of the Constituent Assembly’s drafting
committee. He also made a signal contribution towards the drafting of the
Hindu Code Bill, which made him known as ‘a modern Man. His
prominent works include Castes in India: their mechanism, genesis and
development (1916) and Pakistan or Partition of India (1946).
    In the late 19th century also the Mahars organised themselves under
Gopal Baba Walangkar, an ex-serviceman and demanded more jobs in the
army and other government services.
                           JYOTIBA PHULE
                        Jyotiba with Savitribai Phule
One of the prominent social reformers of the 19th century India, he led the
movement against the prevailing caste-restrictions. He revolted against the