45,000 as prisoners. At Podnur 66 Moplah prisoners were shut in a railway
wagon and died of suffocation on 20th November 1921.
It was anti-British as well as anti-zamindar, and to some extent anti-
Hindu also because most of the local zamindars were Hindus.
Moplah Revolt of 1921
Bardoli Satyagraha (1928) Enhancement of land revenue (by 22%) in the
Bardoli district of Gujarat by the British government (1927) led to the
organisation of a ‘No Revenue campaign’ by the Bardoli peasants under the
leadership of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, and their refusal to pay the land
revenue at the newly enhanced rates. Unsuccessful attempts of the British to
suppress the movement by large scale attachment of cattle and land resulted
in the appointment of an enquiry committee to look into the land-revenue
assessment, and reduction of the land revenue on the basis of the committee’s
Emergence of Class-conscious Peasant Organisations The third decade
of the 20th century was marked by the organisation of ryots associations and
agricultural labour unions in the Guntur district of Andhra by N G Ranga