Vilayat Ali, Shah Muhammad Hussain and Farhat Hussain (all from Patna) as
Khalifas or spiritual vice-regents were done by Saiyid Ahmad (1822).
Training of the Wahabis in the use of arms and march of Saiyid Ahmad to
North Western Frontier Province to enlist the support of tribes in his holy war
against Sikhs of Pubjab (Till the occupation of Punjab by British, Wahabi
Movement was not only anti-British but also anti-Sikh); his war against the
Sikhs (1826–31) and his death in the battle of Balakot in 1831 were the other
major events of the early phase.
Assuming leadership of the Wahabis, Vilayat Ali appointed Maulavi
Nasiruddin as commander-in-chief of the Wahabis in their fight against the
British and the Sikhs. A part of Sikh territory was occupied by the Wahabis
after the death of Ranjit Singh, but the occupation of Punjab by British led to
their defeat and expulsion from Punjab (1847).
Death of Vilayat Ali and succession of Inayat Ali as the leader of
Wahabis in India (1852); preparations by Inayat to wage a full-scale war
against British and open preaching of sedition by the Wahabis in Meerut,
Bareilly, Delhi and in my districts of Bengal and defeat of Inayat by British
in a major encounter in 1853 and his escape; death of Inayat due to illness at
Swat in 1858 and succession of Maqsud Ali as the leader were some of the
important developments of the mid-19th century.
During the Revolt of 1857, the Wahabis did not play an important role,
though at a few places the wahabis did participate in the revolt. Death of
Maqsud Ali (1861) was followed by the succession Abdullah, son of Vilayat
Ali, as the leader of the Wahabis at Sittana. (Sittana in North West Frontier
Province was the head-quarters of the Wahabis from 1850 onwards).
Early Uprisings Agianst The British
Name of the Area affected Year Leader(s) Main cause(s) Course of the
movement movement and
Revolt of Tirunelveli in 1792- Veerapandya Attempts of Defiance of the British
Kattabomman Tamil Nadu 99 Kattambomman the British to by Kattabomman for 7
(Ruler of force years; his final capture
Panchalakurichi) Kattabomman and execution by the
to accept their British (1799);
suzerainty and annexation of his
his refusal territory by the British