Anand’s Neecha Nagar; Abbas’s Dharti Ke Lal; Sohrab Modi’s Sikander,
Pukar, Ek Din Ka Sultan and Prithvi Vallabh; S. Nazir’s Laila Majnu;
Kidar Sharma’s Chitralekha; J.B.H. Wadia’s Court Dancer; S.S. Vasan’s
Chandralekha; Vijay Bhatt’s Bharat Milap and Ram Rajya; Rajkamal
Kalamandir’s Shakuntala; S. Mukherjee’s Kismat, Santoshi’s Shehnai;
Prakash’s Samaj Ko Badal Dalo and Kamal Amrohi’s Mahal.
    In 1948, the famous modern dancer, Uday Shankar made his only film
Kalpana, which was woven entirely in dance numbers. In 1949, Western
India Theatre’s Ajit was the first picture to be photographed in India on
Kodachrome 16 mm film and then blown up in the USA. The first film in
techni-colour was Sohrab Modi’s Jhansi Ki Rani (1953). The leading
actors of 1940s were Kishore Sahu, Jairaj, Pahari Sanyal, Pankaj Mullick,
Bharat Bhushan, Ulhas, Ghulam Mohammad and Ashok Kumar while the
leading actresses were Kanan Devi, Jamuna, Lalita Pawar, Nurjehan (who
later migrated to Pakistan), Suraiya and Madhubala.
    The fifties brought onto the scene the famous trinity – Dilip Kumar,
Raj Kapoor and Dev Anand – each of whom developed their own image
and huge fan followings. The R.K. Films was launched in 1950 with
Barsaat. It was the same year when the Central Board of Film Censors
was set up with Justice Agarwal, the former Judge of the Patna High Court
as its Chairman. The first International Film Festival of India, which was
held in early 1952 at Bombay, had great impact of Indian Cinema. In 1953
Bimal Roy’s Do Bigha Zameen won an award at the Cannes. The first
National film awards were given to the feature film Shyamchi Aai and
Jagat Murari’s short Mahabalipuram, in the year 1954. In 1955, Satyajit
Ray’s Pather Panchali won the Cannes award for ‘the best human
document’, along with several other foreign and national awards.
    In 1957 Mother India, which brought the character of mother at the
centre-stage in Hindi films, was nominated for an Oscar as best foreign
language film. The first Indo-Soviet co-production Pardesi by K.A. Abbas
was also made in 1957. The first film in cinema scope was Guru Dutt’s
Kagaz Ke Phool, which was made in 1958. The first documentary film
festival was held in Bombay in the same year. Several distinguished films
were produced which include Ranjit’s Jogan; Bimal Roy’s Devadas and
Madhumati; Kedar Sharma’s