wide variety of expressive styles.
presented with distinctive creative variations in the works.
The most prominent artists include Bhupen Khakkar, Paritosh Sen,
Krishen Khanna, Bikash Bhattacharjee, Sunil Das, Dharmanarayan
Dasgupta, Sudhir Patwardhan, Shyamal Dutta Roy, Ghulam Mohammed
Sheikh, A.G. Ramachandran, Shuvaprasanna, Sajal Roy, Jai Zharotia, Atul
Dodiya and Jaideep Mehrotra among others.
Realism becomes fantasy in the powerful linearity and surreal forms of
Jogen Chowdhury, underlined with acerbic social comment; and in the
romantic tenderness of Sanat Kar, the child’s vision of Madhvi Parekh and
Amitava Das, and the heightened sensory experience of Manjit Bawa.
A recurring theme in Indian art is its engagement at many levels with the
natural world – whether presented directly as in Paramjit Singh’s light
sculpted landscapes, illuminated with folk motifs as in the works of
Madhvi Parekh, or abstracted into almost spiritualized form in the works
of Ganesh Haloi and Ram Kumar.
Some of modern India’s most innovative art is rooted in the new ethos.
We have Ganesh Pyne’s luminous introspective reveries drawn from
mundane experience; and the iridescent poetry of J. Swaminathan’s
abstracted, imaginative reworkings of Indian design elements.
Cosmic and Tantric symbols – often combined with calligraphy or
figurative imagery – are charged with resonant energy in the art of G.R.
Santosh, Biren De, K.C.S. Panikar, K.V Haridasan, Prafulla Mohanty or
Om Prakash.
And even the familiar acquires mystic overtones in works of artists like
Rameshwar Broota and Wasim Kapoor, when their subject appears in
magnified format, with details stripped down to fundamental significance.
Imported Films and Indian Initiatives
The motion pictures were first imported and exhibited in India on July 7,
1896, when the Lumiere Brothers, the inventors of cinematograph,
unveiled six soundless short films at Watson Hotel, Esplanade Mansion in
Bombay. In 1897 an unknown foreign photographer shot the first short
films, Cocoanut Fair and Our