Back to Projects JOIN WHATSAPP GROUP Free PSC MCQ 4 Lakhs+ Please Write a Review Current Affairs 2018 to 2022 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 1 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 2 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 3 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 4 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 5
Kerala PSC Indian History Book Study Materials Page 1804Book's First Page
of power. The British followed various The first buildings were factories but later courts, schools, municipal halls and dak bungalows came up, which were ordinary structures built by garrison engineers. A deeper concern with architecture was exhibited in churches and other public buildings. Churches were built in great style. Based on London prototypes, several churches evolved with variations as highly original works. The earliest example is the St. Mary’s Church in Fort St. George in Chennai. Most of the buildings were adaptations of the buildings designed by leading British architects of that time. • For instance, the Church of St. John at Calcutta was built in 1787 inspired by St. Stephens Church at Walbrooks; • the Government House in Calcutta was built by Capt. Charles Wyatt modelled on the Kedleston Hall of Derbyshire; • the Indian Government Mint in Calcutta is a half-scale replica of the Temple of Minerva at Athens; and • the Pachaiyappa’s Hall in Chennai was modelled on the Athenium Temple of Theseus. Unlike Europe, however, these buildings were built mostly of brick and stuccoed with lime or chunam, sometimes “facades” incised to look like stones. Some later buildings were, however, built with stones. Neo-Gothic architecture flourished in different parts of India under the British, inspired by the Houses of Parliament in London. Colonel Thomas Cowper built the town hall in Bombay during 1820 to 1835. Governor Sir Bartle Frere tried to give a truly imperial ambience to the city of Bombay. During his reign the old town walls were broken down and the Gateway of India was built in the Gothic style of architecture. • The Secretariat, University Library, Rajabai Tower, Telegraph Office and the Victoria Terminus all followed the Victorian Gothic style, similar to buildings in London. • Undoubtedly, the Victoria Terminus, designed by the architect Frederick Willaim Stevens modelled on the St. Pancras Station, is the finest example of Gothic architecture with a subtle hint of the Indo-Saracenic motifs. • Stevens also designed other buildings like the Churchgate Terminus and the Municipal Building opposite the Victoria Terminus.