and poor from misery to a considerable extent.
Portuguese Architecture: Europeans brought to India a whole baggage of
the history of European architecture—Neo-Classical, Romanesque, Gothic
The initial structures were utilitarian warehouses and walled trading posts,
giving way to fortified towns along the coastline.
The Portuguese adapted to India the climatically appropriate Iberian
galleried patio house and the Baroque churches of Goa.
Se Cathedral and Arch of Conception of Goa were built in the typical
The St. Francis Church at Cochin, built by the Portuguese in 1510, is
believed to be the first church built by the Europeans in India.
The Portuguese also built the fort of Castella de Aguanda near Mumbai
and added fortifications to the Bassein fort built by Bahadur Shah of
Gujarat, in 1532 AD.
The Bassein fort is famous for the Matriz (Cathedral of St. Joseph), the
Corinthian pillared hall and the Porte da Mer (The Sea Gate).
Danish and French Architecture: The Danish influence is evident in
Nagapatnam, which was laid out in squares and canals and also in
Tranquebar and Serampore.
The French gave a distinct urban design to its settlement in Puducherry by
applying the Cartesian grid plans and classical architectural patterns.
The Church of Sacred Heart of Jesus (Eglise De Sacre Coeur De Jesus),
the Eglise de Notre Dame de Anges and the Eglise de Notre Dame de
Lourdes at Pondicherry have a distinct French influence.
Company Rule: The British left a lasting impact on the India architecture.
They saw themselves as the successors to the Mughals and used
architecture as a symbol