the triple vow of the modern man. But Vivekananda regarded most of the
social reform programs of his contemporaries as inadequate to the great task
of “national reconstruction.” Change was essential but not through reliance
on Western guidance. It must come from the people, guided and educated by
the intelligentsia.
Age of Consent Act The debate over the Age of Consent Act in 1891, an
Act to raise the age of consent from ten to twelve, degenerated into a battle
for control of Indian women’s sexuality. By this time, many of the best-
educated and influential men were involved with nationalist politics and the
“woman question” was no longer a subject on which educated Indians and
British rulers could agree. But these issues were not discarded as the “new
women” moved forward to set up their own organisations and reorganise
social reform priorities.
Linking Women’s Emancipation with Modernisation The changes these
male reformers proposed could not resolve the “woman question.” They had
little understanding of women’s lives beyond those of women in their own
     Moreover, many of them doubted the efficacy of legal measures even as
these changes were enacted. Nevertheless, the steps taken by these
respectable and well-educated Indian men linked improving women’s status
with the modernisation agenda. Their campaign set in motion, further
attempts to establish institutions that would be supportive of a new generation
of women leaders.
  Arrival of Missionaries
  Christianity came to India with St. Thomas in 52 AD. When Portuguese
  traders came to India in the 16th century, the total number of Indian
  Christians was not less than one and a half lakh.
  After British acquired political control in India, demand for spreading
  Christianity in India started in England. Religious-minded civil servants
  felt that Indian society was haunted by idolatry and other superstitions and
  thought that only salvation to this society was to turn it to Christianity.