The freedom struggle resulted in a revolutionary brand of writing that
voiced sentiments against the British Empire. Several political leaders from
different parts of the country such as Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Lala Lajpath Rai,
Kasturi Ranga Iyengar and T Prakasham emerged as literary figures. The
English language became a sharp and strong instrument in the hands of
Gandhiji, who edited and wrote for papers like Young India and Harijan. He
also wrote his autobiography, My Experiments With Truth, which is known
for its literary flair Jawaharlal Nehru (1889–1964) stands out as another
prominent leader who excelled in prose. He is particularly remembered for
his Glimpses of World History, Discovery of India and An Autobiography
(1936).
    Mulk Raj Anand, R.K. Narayan and Raja Rao were among the earliest
Indian English novelists, who began to write in the early thirties. Mulk Raj
Anand (b.1905), best known for his short story The Lost Child has written
numerous works of prose, poetry and drama. His novels Coolie (1933),
Untouchable (1935) and The Woman and the Cow (1960) reveal his concern
for the downtrodden and underprivileged in India. R.K. Narayan is another
prolific Indian English novelist. Most of his work, starting from his first
novel Swami and Friends (1935), is set in the fictional town of Malgudi.
Bachelor of Arts (1937), The Financial Expert (1952), The Guide (1959) and
Waiting for the Mahatma (1955) are his other popular novels. The last of the
harbingers of Indian English literature is Raja Rao (b.1909), whose novel
Kanthapura (1938), set in rural India, established him as a major figure on
the Indian literary scene. His other novels are The Serpent and the Rope
(1960) and The Cat and Shakespeare (1965). Nirad Choudhuri (1897–1999)
was another internationally renowned Indian writer whose autobiography An
Unknown Indian (1951) is a celebrated literary work.
OFFICIAL SOCIAL REFORM MEASURES
BEFORE 1857
British Social Policy & Reform Measures
Human Sacrifice and Female