support the Muslim League, while the Dawn was founded by Jinnah. The
Hindustan, a Hindi counterpart of Hindustan times, was set up in the late 30s
while Blitz, a weekly, appeared in Bombay, in 1941.
Government Curbs From 1882 to 1907 there was no separate press
legislation as such, sedition being dealt with by the adoption of Section 124A
of the Indian Pena1 Code. The Newspapers (Incitement to Offences) Act was
passed in 1908. The Indian Press Act of 1910 was aimed at keeping the press
generally within the limits of legitimate discussion. Together, however, both
the 1908 and 1910 Acts caused the closure of several presses and
newspapers.
     The Indian Press Ordinance of 1930 further curbed the freedom of the
press, for the condfition of an offence was made more comprehensive. The
Indian Press (Emergency Powers) Act of 1931 prohibited the publication of
any kind of Congress propaganda. It was ultimately repealed only after
Independence.
                            Growth of Indian Press
           Paper/Journal                    Founder(s)       Year Place
  Bengal Gazette (First paper        James Augustus         1780 Calcutta
  from India)                        Hicky
  India Gazette                      Not available          1787 Calcutta
  Madras Courier (First paper        Not available          1784 Madras
  from Madras)
  Bombay Herald (First paper         Not available          1789 Bombay
  from Bombay)
  Digdarshana (First Bengali         Not available          1818 Calcutta
  monthly)
  Samachar Darpan (First             William Carey and      1818 Calcutta
  Bengali newspaper)                 others
  Mirat-ul-Akhbar (First journal     Raja Rammohun Roy 1822 Calcutta
  in Persian)
  Jam-i-Jahan Numah (First           An English firm        1822 Calcutta
  paper in Urdu)