rival to Brahmo
                                                orthodox Hinduism.
Tattvabodhini 1839 Calcutta      Debendranath Its aim was to
Sabha                            Tagore         propagate
                                                Rammohun Roy’s
                                                ideas.
Manav         1844 Surat         Durgaram       Its main aim was to
Dharma                           Manchharam break caste
Sabha                                           restrictions.
Paramahansa   1849 Bombay        Dadoba         Its main aim was to
Mandali                          Panderung      break caste
                                                restrictions.
Radha Soami   1861 Agra          Tulsi Ram      Its aim was to
Satsang                                         propagate a
                                                monotheistic
                                                doctrine.
Brahmo        1866 Calcutta      Keshab         A group of
Samaj of                         Chandra Sen Brahmos under Sen
India                                           established this new
                                                organisation after
                                                seceding from the
                                                original Samaj
                                                (established by
                                                Roy) over the
                                                question of social
                                                reforms. After this
                                                secession, the old
                                                one came to be
                                                known as the ‘Adi
                                                Brahmo Samaj’.
Prarthana     1867 Bombay        Dr. Atmaram In 1870 it was
Samaj                            Pandurang      joined by M.G.
                                                Ranade and R G
                                                Bhandarkar. Its aim