India Society earlier.
Shri Ram Bajpai
Another member of the Servants of India Society, he founded the Sea Samiti
Boy Scouts Association in 1914 at Bombay on the lines of the world-wide
Baden-Powell Organisation, which at that time banned Indians from joining
it. Though later Baden Powell, after a private visit to India, lifted the colour
bar, Bajpai’s organisation continued its separate existence, for it had the aim
of bringing about the complete Indianisation of the Boy Scout movement in
India.
Vireshalingam Pantulu
He was the most prominent social reformer of south India in the second half
of the 19th century. He founded the Rajahmundri Social Reform Association
in Andhra Pradesh in 1878 with the principal objective of promoting widow
remarriage.
Muslim Reform Movements
Aligarh Movement
It was a movement started by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan (1817–98) for the social
and educational advancement of the Muslims in India. Other prominent
members of the movement were Altaf Hussain Hali, Dr. Nazir Ahmad,
Nawab Mushin-ul-Mulk, Chirag Ali, etc. Sir Syed fought medieval
obscurantism through his journal Tahzib-ul-Akhlaq, and advocated a rational
approach towards religion. He rejected blind adherence to religious law and
asked for a reinterpretation of the Quran in the light of reason to suit the new
trends of the time. In order to promote English education among the
Muslims, he founded in 1875 a modern school at Aligarh, which soon
developed into the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College (1877) and later
into a full fledged university. And in 1866, he founded the Muhammadan
Educational Conference as a general forum for spreading liberal ideas among
the Muslims. But unfortunately, this movement in the later stages became
anti-Congress and anti-Hindu, and pro-British due to some misconceived
fears of Hindu domination.