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Kerala PSC Indian History Book Study Materials Page 1757Book's First Page
India Society earlier. Shri Ram Bajpai Another member of the Servants of India Society, he founded the Sea Samiti Boy Scouts Association in 1914 at Bombay on the lines of the world-wide Baden-Powell Organisation, which at that time banned Indians from joining it. Though later Baden Powell, after a private visit to India, lifted the colour bar, Bajpai’s organisation continued its separate existence, for it had the aim of bringing about the complete Indianisation of the Boy Scout movement in India. Vireshalingam Pantulu He was the most prominent social reformer of south India in the second half of the 19th century. He founded the Rajahmundri Social Reform Association in Andhra Pradesh in 1878 with the principal objective of promoting widow remarriage. Muslim Reform Movements Aligarh Movement It was a movement started by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan (1817–98) for the social and educational advancement of the Muslims in India. Other prominent members of the movement were Altaf Hussain Hali, Dr. Nazir Ahmad, Nawab Mushin-ul-Mulk, Chirag Ali, etc. Sir Syed fought medieval obscurantism through his journal Tahzib-ul-Akhlaq, and advocated a rational approach towards religion. He rejected blind adherence to religious law and asked for a reinterpretation of the Quran in the light of reason to suit the new trends of the time. In order to promote English education among the Muslims, he founded in 1875 a modern school at Aligarh, which soon developed into the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College (1877) and later into a full fledged university. And in 1866, he founded the Muhammadan Educational Conference as a general forum for spreading liberal ideas among the Muslims. But unfortunately, this movement in the later stages became anti-Congress and anti-Hindu, and pro-British due to some misconceived fears of Hindu domination.