Back to Projects JOIN WHATSAPP GROUP Free PSC MCQ 4 Lakhs+ Please Write a Review Current Affairs 2018 to 2022 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 1 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 2 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 3 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 4 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 5
Kerala PSC Indian History Book Study Materials Page 1751Book's First Page
The Arya Samaj was founded by Swami Dayanand Saraswati at Bombay in 1875. The most distinctive feature of Arya Samaj was the suddhi movement, which means the reconversion of those Hindus who had once been willingly or forcibly converted into other religions, but were now willing to come back into the fold of Hinduism. It was considered by the Arya Samajists as a potent instrument for effecting socio-religious and political unity of India. The Arya Samaj, though founded in Bombay, became very powerful in Punjab and spread its influence to other parts of north India like Uttar Pradesh. Rajasthan, Gujarat, etc. Swami Dayanand Saraswati (1824–83) Originally known as Mula Shankara, Dayanand was born in 1824 in the town of Tankara in Gujarat. He spent 15 years (1845-60) as a wandering ascetic and later received education from Swami Birajananda at Mathura. He founded the Arya Samaj at Bombay in 1875. His religious and social ideas and reforms He considered the Vedas as eternal and infallible. He was against idolatry, ritual and priesthood (in his opinion priests had perverted Hinduism with the help of the Purallas which were full of falsehood). He attacked child marriages and caste system based on birth; encouraged inter-caste marriages and widow remarriage; favoured the spread of western sciences; and organised social services during natural calamities, etc. He started the shuddhi movement. He wrote three books, viz. Satyartha Prakash (in Hindi), Veda-Bhashya Bhumika (partly in Hindi and partly in Sanskrit) and Veda-Bhashya (in Sanskrit and toured India extensively to spread his teachings After the death of Dayanand (1883), serious differences arose between two sections of the Arya Samaj over the question of the system of education to be followed, resulting in a split in 1892. One section, known as the Gurukula section led by Swami Shraddhanand, advocated the adoption of the ancient system of Hindu education and established institutions for boys only, the most important among them being the one at Hardwar. The other one called the College section led by Lajpat Rai and Hans Raj, stood for the spread of English education and established a number of Dayanand Anglo- Vedic (DAV) schools and colleges both for girls and boys: the most important being the one at Lahore.