which legalised the Brahmo marriages and fixed the minimum age for the
groom and the bride at 18 and 14 respectively.
Second Schism in Brahmoism
The second schism in Brahmoism occurred in 1878 when a group of Sen’s
followers, under Ananda Mohan Bose and Shivanatha Shastri, left him and
formed the Sadharana Brahmo Samaj. The causes for this split were the
question of management of the Samaj and the violation of the Native
Marriage Act by Sen himself (he gave his eldest daughter in marriage to the
ruler of Cooch Bihar, but neither of them had attained the marriageable age
under the Act).
MANAV DHARMA SABHA
Durgaram Manchharam (1809–78) was a leading figure among the small
group of educated Gujaratis who in the 1830s became strong critics of
contemporary society. Participants in this group were Dadoba Panderung,
Dinmani Shankar, Dalpatram Bhagubai, and Damodar Das. They founded the
Manav Dharma Sabha at Surat in 1844 and held meetings every Sunday that
were open to anyone who wished to attend.
As part of its programme, the Manav Dharma Sabha challenged
magicians and the reciters of incantations to demonstrate their skills. They
also criticised caste, but took no direct action against this institution. The
Manav Dharma Sabha had only a short career as an active organisation. It
began to Shatter in 1846 when Dadoba Panderung returned to Bombay, and
ceased to function in 1852 when Durgaram Manchharam left for Rajkot.
Although its life was severely limited, this Sabha was directly linked to later
developments in Maharashtra and Gujarat as its members carried with them
the ideals of the movement and became leaders in similar organisations.
Its history was closely linked to the Manav Dharma Sabha and to the
leadership of Dadoba Panderung (1814–82). Dadoba outlined his doctrines in