His political ideas and reforms He believed in the unification of divergent
groups of Indian society in order to bring about national consciousness in
India. He initiated public agitation on political questions like the need for
reforms in the British administration, trade and economic policies etc. He
also pioneered Indian journalism in order to educate the public on current
issues and to represent public opinion before the government.
Brahmo Samaj after Roy
Debendranath Tagore (1817–1905)
He established the Tattvabodhini Sabha (1839) at Calcutta to propagate
Rammohun Roy’s ideas. Formally he joined the Brahmo Samaj in 1843 and
reorganised it.
     He promoted the systematic study of India’s past through the
Tattvabodhini Patrika, a Bengali monthly. He remained the undisputed leader
of the Brahmo Samaj till 1866 and carried on the socioreligious reform work
initiated by Roy.
Keshab Chandra San (1838–84)
He joined the Brahmo Samaj in 1857 and became the right hand man of
Debendranath. During this time differences developed between the older and
conservative section led by Debendranath and the younger and progressive
section led by Sen over the issues of social reforms (particularly the caste
system) and of the relationship between Hinduism and Brahmoism (while the
latter group stood for the complete abolition of the caste system and
maintained that Brahmoism is different from Hinduism, the former group
wanted to retain caste system, though criticising its rigidity, and asserted that
Brahmoism is Hinduism). This led to the secession of Sen’s group from the
parent body (which had come to be known as the Adi Brahmo Samaj) in
1865 and formation of a new organisation, known as the Brahmo Samaj of
India, by it in 1866.
     He spread the message of Brahmo Samaj in other parts of India including
Bombay and Madras by his tours (once in 1864 and again in 1868). He
adopted a much more radical and comprehensive scheme of social reform and
infused bhakti into Brahmoism. Further, he formed the ‘Indian Reform