presidencies of Bengal, Bombay and Madras enter 1844.
Reason (R): Lord Hardinge decided to give government employment to those
Indians who were educated in English Schools.
Assertion (A): Mass education hardly made any real progress all through the
period of British rule in India.
Reason (R): The British government in India generally followed a policy of
opening a large number of elementary schools instead of a few colleges.
Assertion (A): Wood’s Despatch of 1854 is generally known as the ‘Magna
Carta of English Education in India’.
Reason (R): It outlined a comprehensive plan for the future development of
education system in India.
Assertion (A): Under the zamindari system, the revenue collectors and other
intermediaries in revenue administration were overnight converted into
Reason (R): Under this system, the zamindar could keep for himself only
1/11th of the rental that he got from the peasantry, while paying 10/11ths of it
to the Governmennt.
Assertion (A): The permanent settlement is said to have initially resulted in
increased agricultural production.
Reason (R): In this system the zamindar could keep for himself any increase
in the rental of his estate.
Assertion (A): In the ryotwari areas, the peasant had to pay land revenue to
the government even when his produce was partially or totally destroyed.
Reason (R): Under the ryotwari system the land revenue demand of the
government was fixed once for all.
Assertion (A): In the mahalwari areas each peasant was individually
responsible to the government for the payment of revenue.
Reason (R): In these areas the government reserved the right to revise land
revenue demand periodically.
Assertion (A): Under the new land revenue systems, the peasant was in
constant need of finding ways to get money.
Reason (R): The rise of modern industries in England resulted in growing