(B) John Lawrence
(a) i-A, ii-C, iii-D, iv-B
(b) i-C, ii-A, iii-B, iv-D
(c) i-D, ii-B, iii-C, iv-A
(d) i-B, ii-D, iii-A, iv-C
Assertion and Reason
Mark (a) if only ‘Assertion’ (A) is correct.
Mark (b) if only ‘Reason’ (R) is correct.
Mark (c) if both ‘A’ and ‘R’ are correct, and if ‘R’ is the correct explanation
of ‘A’.
Mark (d) if both ‘A’ and ‘R’ are correct, and if ‘R’ is not the correct
explanation for ‘A’.
Assertion (A): In the Mercantile stage of British colonialism in India large
scale export of British goods to India was absent.
Reason (R): In the first stage of colonialism the British did not introduce any
basic change in India’s economy, society and culture.
Assertion (A): From 1813 onwards the economic as well as non-economic
policies of the British in India were determined by the interests of the
industrial bourgeoisie of England.
Reason (R): In the second stage of British colonialism, India was made an
equal trading partner with England.
Assertion (A): The Court of Directors established the East India College at
Haileybury to replace the college of Fort William-at Calcutta.
Reason (R): The Home Government did not want to leave the task of
establishing and consolidating British rule in India to the Indians.
Assertion (A): The British introduced a uniform civil code for all Indians
irrespective of their different religions.
Reason (R): A law commission headed by Lord Macaulay codified all the
available Indian laws.
Assertion (A): The British government in India generally followed a policy of
only partial transformation and cautious modernisation of Indian society.
Reason (R): All Englishmen, whether they were conservatives or radicals,