Board and was solely responsible, for decisions on technical matters and on
matters of railway policy. Unlike the President of the Board, he was not to be
out-voted or over-ruled by his colleagues. The first incumbent, C.D.M.
Hindley, was appointed in 1923.
The question of separating general finances from railway finances was
also debated by the Acworth Committee which recommended that it be
examined in the first instance by the railway finance committee and the
Central Legislative Assembly. Subsequently both decided in favour of
separation, and from 1924–25 the railway budget was separated in the
Forth Phase (1924–48)
In 1932-33 a committee under the chairmanship of P.A. Pope was set up to
inquire into all aspects of railway operations. Some of the important
recommendations of the report included an intensive use of locomotives,
disposal of uneconomic wagons, combining reources between different
railways, ticketless travel, methods of increasing earnings, etc.
The Indian Railways Inquiry Committee was appointed in 1936 under Sir
Ralph Wedgewood to secure an improvement in net earnings and devise
means to place railway finances on a sound and renumerative basis. Its report
was submitted in June 37 to the Railway Board, which decided to implement
some of its recommendations.
Finally the government appointed a Railway Inquiry Committee in 1947
with K.C. Neogy as Chairman. Owing to the then disturbed and uncertain
conditions in the country, the committee soon dispersed.
Fifth Phase (1948-52)
With the partition of the country, sections of the North-Western Railway in
the west and the Bengal and Assam Railway in the east went to Pakistan;
along with the Sind section of the Jodhpur railway, the total route mileage
handed over to Pakistan was 6,958. The section of the North-Western
Railway left in India was now called the Eastern Punjab Railway; the broad
guage of the Bengal-Assam Railway was added to the East Indian Railway,
while its meter gauge formed a