Mark (d) if both ‘A’ and ‘R’ are correct, but ‘R’ does not explain ‘A’.
Assertion (A): William Bentinck was the first one to be called governor-
general of India.
Reason (R): He also had the additional charge of the governorship of Bengal.
Assertion (A): The Charter Act of 1853 deprived the Court of Directors of its
right to appoint and recall officials in India.
Reason (R): The charter empowered the governorgeneral to appoint and
dismiss the high officials in India.
Assertion (A): Lord Dalhousie was the first real governor-general of India.
Reason (R): He was the first governor-general of India without any additional
Assertion (A): The ‘India Council’, an advisory body to the secretary of state
for India, consisted of 15 members.
Reason (R): Half of its members were Indians.
Assertion (A): The Indian Councils Act of 1892 allowed the legislative
councils at the centre and the provinces to discuss and vote the budget.
Reason (R): The Act of 1892 retained official majority in the legislative
councils at both the central and provincial levels.
Assertion (A): The Morley-Minto Reforms removed the official majority in
the Imperial Legislative Council.
Reason (R): Even after the Act of 1909 majority of the non-officials in the
Imperial Legislative Council were indirectly elected.
Assertion (A): The central legislature was made more representative by the
Montford Reforms.
Reason (R): The Montford Reforms increased the non-official elected
majority in the central legislature.
Assertion (A): From 1919, the secretary of state for India began to draw his
salary from the British exchequer.
Reason (R): The high commissioner of India at London was paid, from the
beginning, by the Indian Government.
Assertion (A): The Montford Reforms introduced ‘Dyarchy’ at both the
Central and provincial levels.