Mark (c) if both ‘A’ and ‘R’ are correct, and ‘R’ explains ‘A’.
Mark (d) if both ‘A’ and ‘R’ are correct, but ‘R’ does not explain ‘A’.
Assertion (A): The rule of Murshid Quli Khan witnessed the rise and growth
of a new landed aristocracy in Bengal.
Reason (R): He reorganised the administration and appointed local Hindu
Zamindars and moneylenders as revenue-farmers.
Assertion (A): The Mughal Farman of 1717 to the British has been described
as the “Magna Carta of the Company”.
Reason (R): It revoked the privileges granted to the British by the Farman of
1691.
Assertion (A): In 1751 Alivardi Khan bought peace with the Marathas by
ceding the revenues of a part of Orissa and an annual payment of Rs 12 lakhs
as the chauth of Bengal.
Reason (R): The First decade of his regime was spent in an unceasing warfare
with the Marathas whose repeated incursions caused untold miseries to the
people of Bengal.
Assertion (A): Siraj-ud-daula seized the English factory at Chandranagore in
June 1756.
Reason (R): The British gave protection to the enemies of Siraj-ud-daula and
refused to surrender them to the nawab.
Assertion (A): Siraj-ud-daula defeated and executed Shaukat Jung, who was
his stepbrother.
Reason (R): Shaukat had plans to become the nawab and even acquired a
Farman from the titular Mughal Emperor.
Assertion (A): Colonel Clive caused the signature of Admiral Watson to be
forged on a duplicate copy of the treaty signed with Mir Jafar and his
supporters.
Reason (R): Clive wanted to cause trouble to Admiral Watson.
Assertion (A): The British won the Battle of Plassey without any real
fighting.
Reason (R): The Battle of Plassey gave the British a political foothold in
Bengal.