Reduction of the number of the members of the Council of the Governor
General to 3 from 4 in order to make him more powerful and efficient.
Clear-cut subordination of the Bombay and Madras Presidencies to the
Governor General-in-Council in all questions of diplomacy, war and revenue.
Charter Act of 1813
Throwing open the Indian trade to all British subjects, though the company’s
monopoly of trade in tea and trade with China was not disturbed.
Providing an annual sum of Rs. 1,00,000 for the spread of education.
It required the company’s servants to undergo some training in England
before entering service.
Charter Act of 1833
Completion of the introduction of free trade in India by abolishing the
company’s monopoly of trade in tea and trade with China.
Renaming the Governor General of Fort William as the Governor General of
India (William Bentinck was the first Governor General of India as well as
the Governor of Bengal Presidency).
Inclusion of a Law Member in the Council of the Governor General
(Macaulay—the first Law Member).
Abolition of the legislative decentralisation (i.e. the power of different
Presidencies to make law for themselves) and giving the governor generalin-
council the power to make laws for all British India.
Charter Act of 1853
Appointment of a separate Lieutenant Governor for Bengal and making
Dalhousie the first real Governor General of India (i.e. without any additional
Depriving the company (Court of Directors) of its right to appoint and recall
officials in India, and introduction of the system of direct recruitment to the
I.C.S. through a competitive exam (Board of Control was to do the
Inclusion of additional members     to the Governor General’s council, which