demanding separate state for the Muslims. (It was at this session that Jinnah
propounded his Two-Nation Theory.)
‘August OtTer’ by Linlithgow (1940); its rejection by the Congress and the
starting of individual satyagraha by Gandhi.
Escape of S C Bose from India in 1941.
Cripps Mission (March, 1942) offering Dominion Status to India, and its
rejection by the Congress.
Passing of the ‘Quit India’ Resolution by the Congress at Bombay (8th
August, 1942), arrest of all the Congress leaders and the outbreak of the
‘August Revolution’ or Revolt of 1942.
Lord Wavell (1943–47)
C.R. Formula evolved by C. Rajagopala Chari in 1944 and the Gandhi-Jinnah
Talks (1944) based on it: failure of the talks.
Wavell Plan and the Simla Conference (1945) to discuss it; its failure.
INA Trials and the Naval Mutiny (1946).
Cabinet Mission (Three members—Lawrence. Cripps and Alexander) and
acceptance of its plan by both the Congress and the League (1946).
Formation of Interim Government by the Congress (Sep. 1946).
Launching of ‘Direct Action Day’ by the League (17th Aug. 1946), but it also
joined the Interim Govt. in Oct. 1946, though it abstained from the
Constituent Assembly.
Lord Mountbatten (March–August, 1947)
Mountbatten plan; partition of India and achievement of freedom.
CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENTS
Regulating Act of 1773
Changes in the constitution of the Court of Directors (such as term of the
Directors, eligibility for the right to vote, etc.) and subjection of their actions
to the British Government.