Lor Minto II (1905–10)
Anti-Partition and Swadeshi Movements.
Surat session and split in the Congress (1907).
Minto-Morley Reforms or the Indian Councils Act of 1909.
Foundation of the Muslim League by the Aga Khan, the Nawab of Dacca,
etc. in 1906.
Lord Hardinge II (1910–16)
Annulment of the partition of Bengal and creation of a Governorship for
Bengal like Bombay and Madras in 1911. (Lieutenant Governorship for Bihar
and Orissa, and Chief Commissionership for Assam).
Transfer of the Imperial capital from Calcutta to Delhi (1911).
Coronation Durbar of King George V and Queen Mary at Delhi (December,
Death of G. K. Gokhale in 1915.
Foundation of the Hindu Mahasabha in 1915 by Madan Mohan Malviya and
some Punjabi leaders.
Lord Chelmsford (1916–21)
Foundation of two Home Rule Leagues—one by Tilak in April, 1916 and
another by Mrs Annie Besant in September, 1916.
Lucknow session and the reunion of the Congress (1916) (Mrs Besant played
an important role in the reunion).
Lucknow Pact between the Congress and the Muslim League in 1916. (Tilak
played an important role in this).
Return of Gandhi to India (1915); foundation of the Sabarmati ashram
(1916); Champaran satyagraha (the first time Gandhi experimented his new
technique in India-1917); satyagraha at Ahmadabad ( 1918); Khaira
August Declaration (1917) by Montague, the then Secretary of State, and
Montford reforms or the Government of India Act of 1919.
Resignation of some veteran leaders led by S.N. Banerji from the Congress,