First Factory Act of 1881.
First Census taken in India (1881)—254 millions.
Introduction of Local Self-Government in 1882.
Repeal of the Vernacular Press Act in 1882.
Division of the finances of the centre in 1882.
Appointment of an Educational Commission under Sir William Hunter in
The lIbert Bill Controversy (1883).
Coming into existence of the Famine Code in 1883.
Lord Dufferin (1884–88)
Third Burmese war (1885–86).
Foundation of the Indian National Congress (Lord Cross was the Secretary of
State at that time).
Lord Lansdowne (1888–94)
Factory Act of 1891.
Division of the Civil Services into Imperial, Provincial and Subordinate.
Indian Councils Act of 1892.
Appointment of the Durand Commission and its definition of the Durand
Line between British India and Afghanistan (now between Pakistan and
Afghanistan) in 1893.
Lord Elgin II (1894–99)
Assassination of two British officials by the Chapekar brothers of Poona in
Lord Curzon (1899–1905)
Appointment of a commission under Sir Thomas Raleigh in 1902 to suggest
reforms regarding universities, and the passing of the Indian Universities Act
of 1904 on the basis of its recommendations.
Ancient Monuments Preservation Act of 1904.
Establishment of an Agricultural   Research Institute at Pusa in Delhi.