the ruler of Punjab and Rani Jindan as his
European without the prior consent of the British.
Permission to the British troops to pass through Sikh territory whenever need
arose.
    Soon after, the Treaty of Bhairowal was signed in December, 1846 which
resulted in:
Removal of Rani Jindan as regent and setting up of a council of regency for
Punjab (consisting of eight Sikh Sardars and presided over by Sir Henry
Lawrence).
Stationing of a British force at Lahore for which the Sikhs had to pay Rs 22
lakhs.
Power of the governor-general of India to take and garrison any fort in
Punjab.
Second War (1848–49)
Causes The second Anglo-Sikh war was caused by the following:
Desire of the Sikh army to avenge their humiliation of the first war.
Discontentment of the Sikh Sardars with the British control over Punjab.
Treatment of Rani Jindan by the British (Her transportation to Shaikpur first
and then to Benaras, and drastic reduction of her pension).
Revolt of Mulraj (Governor of Multan) and the murder of two English
officers (Vans Agnew and Lt Anderson) sent to Multan to take over its
administration.
Revolt of Sher Singh (he was sent to suppress the revolt of Muiraj but he
himself joined the revolt against the British) leading to the outbreak of a
general rebellion by the Sikh army and the Sardars.
Course The main events of the war were:
Battle of Rarnnagar between Sher Singh and Lord Gough (British
commander-in-chief) in 1848 and battle of Chillianwala (1849) between the
two ended without any result.
Capture of Multan by Lord Gough and surrender of Mulraj who was
transported for life.
Final defeat of the Sikhs by Gough in the Battle of Gujarat (a town near the
Chenab) in 1849, and the surrender of Sher Singh and other Sikh chiefs and
the army in 1849.