According to this treaty of Bassein,      the Peshwa (in return for a defensive
the annual expense of which was estimated to be Rs 25 lakh;
agreed not to entertain any foreign national hostile to the British in his
service;
to accept British intercession to settle his differences with the Nizam and the
Gaekwad, and not to negotiate with any other state his differences with the
two of them;
not to negotiate with any other state without the Company’s prior permission;
and
to relinquish for ever all his rights and claims to the city of Surat.
    Next, a supplementary treaty was concluded at Poona on December 16,
1803, which stipulated the addition of a regiment of native cavalry to the
British subsidiary force.
    The Treaty of Bassein, thus, gave the British a legitimate right to interfere
in the Peshwa’s domestic affairs. Its rejection by the other Maratha chiefs led
to the Second Anglo-Maratha War and the subsequent break-up of the
confederacy. Modern historians regarded the Treaty as one of the most
important land-marks of British ascendancy in India, while contemporary
Englishmen felt that it marked a distinct change in the footing on which the
Company stood in western India. Unfortunately, the Peshwa was a broken
reed to lean upon and, in the words of Arthur Wellesley, it was ‘a treaty with
a cipher (that is the Peshwa)’.
Treaty of Deogaon (1803) On December 17, 1803, Raghuji Bhonsle and
the Company concluded the treaty of Deogaon in the course of the Second
Anglo-Maratha War. Under the treaty, Bhonsle agreed to:
cede the province of Cuttack, including Balasore, which gave the Company
control over a continuous stretch of the eastern seaboard and linked the
presidencies of Bengal and Madras;
expel all foreigners from his service;
accept British arbitration in all his disputes with the nizam or the peshwa;
respect treaties concluded by the British with his feudatories;
dissociate himself and his successors from the confederacy and other Maratha
chiefs; and
accept a British envoy at his court (Mount Stuart Elphinstone was appointed
in that capacity).
Treaty of Surji Arjangaon