Attempts of the British to take advantage of this struggle by intervening on
behalf of one party (namely, Raghunath Rao).
Course The First Anglo-Maratha war witnessed the following:
Defeat of British by the Marathas at Talegaon (1776).
March of British army under Goddard from Calcutta to Ahmadabad through
central India (which itself was a great military feat in those days) and the
brilliant victories on the way (1779-80).
Stalemate and deadlock for two years (1781-82).
Consequences This war resulted in the following:
Treaty of Salbai (1782) by which the status quo was maintained, and gave the
British 20 years of peace with the Marathas.
The Treaty also enabled the British to exert pressure on Mysore with the help
of the Marathas in recovering their territories from Haider Ali.
Thus, the British, on the one hand, saved themselves from the combined
opposition of Indian powers, and on the other succeeded in dividing the
Indian powers.
Second Anglo-Maratha War (1803–05)
Causes The main causes behind the war were:
Wellesley’s aggressive policy of interference in the internal affairs of the
Marathas—his desire to impose Subsidiary Alliance on the Marathas.
Opportunity provided to the British by the death of almost all wise and
experienced Maratha leaders by the end of the 18th century.
Fratricidal strife among the Maratha chiefs, leading to the signing of the
Subsidiary Treaty at Bassein (1802) by the Peshwa (Baji Rao II) with the
British.
Results This war resulted in the following:
Defeat of the combined forces of Sindhia and Bhonsle by the British under
Arthur Wellesley at Assaye and Argaon in 1803 and the conclusion of
Subsidiary Treaties with them.
Failure of British to defeat Holkar and their final peace with him by signing
the Treaty of Rajpurghat.
Establishment of British interests in the Maratha Empire.
Thus, the war resulted in the