Nizam obtained the Iion’s share, while the
Cannanore to the south of the Ponnani river, with Coorg as its defensive
hinterland. In addition, they obtained the Baramahal district as well as
Dindigul. But ironically the Raja of Travancore, on whose behalf ostensigly
the war had been fought, got virtually nothing.
Fourth War (1799)
Causes The main reasons behind the Fourth War were:
Desire of Tipu to avenge his humiliating defeat and the terms imposed on
him by the British and his success in making Mysore strong once again.
Tipu’s efforts to seek help from the Revolutionary France and the Muslims of
Arabia, Kabul and Turkey in order to expel the British from India (He sent
emissaries to these countries, and a small French force even landed at
Mangalore in April 1798).
Determination of Lord Wellesley (the new governor general) to remove the
threat from Tipu once for all.
Course The Fourth war witnessed the following events:
Defeat of Tipu first by Stuart at Sedaseer (5th March) and then by General
Harris at Malvelley (27th March).
Retreat of Tipu to Seringapatam where he died defending it (4th May).
Arthur Wellesley, who was the brother of the governor general and who was
to defeat Napoleon in the Battle of Waterloo, also participated in this war.
Annexation of the major part of Mysore by the British and restoration of a
small part of it to a successor (Krishnaraja III-a boy of five years) of the
former Hindu Raja of Wodeyar Dynasty.
Signing of a subsidiary treaty by the new Raja with British (1799). In 1831,
William Bentinck took over the administration of Mysore because of
misgovernment by its ruler, but in 1881 Lord Ripon restored it to its Raja.
ANGLO-MARATHA WARS AND TREATIES
First Anglo-Maratha War (1715-82)
Causes The factors which led to the first Anglo-Maratha war were: