and privileges possessed by the Company at
Third War (1790–92)
Causes Following are the main causes which led to the third war:
Success of Tipu in strengthening his position by undertaking various internal
reforms; apprehensions of the British, the nizam and the Marathas.
Attempts of Tipu to acquire the help of France and Turkey by sending envoys
to those countries (1787).
Enlargement of his territories by Tipu at the cost of his neighbours,
particularly the Raja of Travancore, who was an ally of the British (1789),
Conclusion of an alliance by the British with the Nizam and the Marathas
against Tipu (1790).
Course The war witnessed the following events:
Defeat of Major-General Medows by Tipu (1790) and assumption of
command by Cornwallis himself (January 1791).
Success of Cornwallis in surrounding Seringapatam after some initial
setbacks (February 1792).
End of the war with the signing of the treaty of Seringapatam (March 1792).
Treaty of Seringapatam (1792) It was signed by Tipu on the one hand and
the English and their allies (the Nizam and the Peshwa) on the other. The
treaty stipulated that:
the earlier treaties between the English and the rulers of Mysore stood
Tipu was to cede half his territories, which were to be shared among the three
allies; the territory to be ceded to the Nizam and the Marathas was to be
‘adjacent to their respective boundaries’, while that to the north and east of
the river Kaveri were to be part of the Company’s dominion and those to the
south and west of the river Tipu’s.
Tipu was to make immediate payment of Rs 1.6 crore out of the total
indemnity agreed upon (Rs 3.6 crore) while the remainder (Rs 2 crore) was to
be given in three instalments.
Tipu was also to order the release of all prisoners of war.
Pending fulfilment of these terms, two of his sons were to be detained as
(British) hostages.
     In terms of territory, the