in case either of the parties was attacked, the other would rally to its
all the captured employees of the Madras government were to be released by
Haider Ali;
the Raja of Tanjore was to be treated as a friend and ally of Haider Ali; and
the trade privileges of Bombay Presidency and English factories were to be
Second War (1780–84)
Causes The main causes which led to the second war were:
Mutual distrust and refusal of the English to fulfil the terms of the defensive
treaty with Haider when he was attacked by the Marathas in 1771.
Outbreak of hostilities between the English and the French (an ally of Haider)
during the American War of Independence.
British capture of Mahe, a French settlement within Haider’s jurisdiction.
Formation of an alliance by Haider with the Nizam and Marathas against the
English in 1779.
Course The course of the second war may be chronicled as:
Defeat of Colonel Baillie and seizure of Arcot by Haider (1780).
Defeat of Haider by Sir Eyre Coote at Porto Novo (1781).
Defeat of Colonel Braithwaite by Haider (1782).
Capture of Brigadier Mathews and his men by Tipu (1783).
End of the war and conclusion of the Treaty of Mangalore (March 1784) by
Tipu and Lord Macartney (governor of Madras).
Treaty of Mangalore (1784) The Treaty stipulated that:
The two parties were not to assist each other’s enemies directly or indirectly,
nor make war on each other’s allies.
The trade privileges granted to the Company by Haider Ali in 1770 were to
be restored, although no additional benefits would accrue.
Both sides agreed to a mutual restoration of possessions (barring the forts of
Amboorgur and Satgur), and Tipu undertook not to make any claims on the
Carnatic in future.
Tipu agreed to release all prisoners of war (numbering 1,680).
Tipu was to restore the factory