16, 1765 by Robert Clive on behalf of the Company Najm-ud-daula (Mir
Jafar’s son and successor and, the then titular ruler of Bengal) and Shuja-ud-
daula. According to its terms:
Oudh was to be restored to Shuja-ud-daula with the exception of the two
districts of Allahabad and Kara, which were given to Shah Alam.
Mutual assistance to be given by the parties to each other in the event of an
attack by another power.
Shuja was to pay Rs 50 lakh as war indemnity.
Raja Balwant Singh was to continue to hold Benaras, Ghazipur and other
Shuja was to maintain, at his expense, an English garrison and also to grant
trading privileges to the Company throughout his dominion.
    Four days before the conclusion of the treaty, the Mughal emperor, Shah
Alam had conferred upon the Company the diwani rights of the provinces of
Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. In return, he was to receive from the revenues of
Bengal an annual grant of Rs 26 lakh but revert his royal jagir to the
Verelst (1767–69) and Cartier (1769–72)
Warren Hastings (1772-73) He abolished the Dual Government,
pensioned off the nawab, took over the direct charge of administering Bengal,
concluded the Treaty of Benaras (1773) with the nawab of Awadh.
    The treaty, signed on 7 September, stipulated that:
The two districts of Kara and Allahabad would be sold to the nawab wazir.
Since the emperor, to whom these districts had been initially ceded in return
for his conferment of the rights of diwani on the Company in 1765, had
transferred his allegiance to the Marathas and to that extent forfeited his
claim to British gratitude and these territories, they were now sold to the
nawab. In lieu, the latter was required to pay Rs 50 lakh to the Company.
The Nawab would defray the expenses of the troops maintained by the
Company for his help and assistance at Rs 2.1 lakh per month for a brigade
whenever needed.