servants.
Major Hector Munro and the combined forces of Mir Qasim, Shuja-ud-daula
and Shah Alam II. English troops numbered 7,702, comprising 857
Europeans, 5,297 sepoys and 918 Indian cavalry. The forces of the allies are
said to have numbered around fifty thousand. Lack of coordination among
the three disparate allies, each with a different axe to grind, was responsible
for their decisive defeat.
    British losses are said to have been 847 killed and wounded, while the
three Indian allies accounted for 2,000 dead; many more were wounded. Mir
Qasim, who was not it good general, depended heavily upon his European
mercenaries—the brigades of Marker and Sumroo—who, when it came to
fighting fellow Europeans, let him down.
Results and significance
The Battle of Buxar
Made the British the de facto rulers of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa (dual
government).
Made the nawab of Awadh a dependent of the Company and the Mughal
emperor its pensioner, thus raising the prestige of the company.
Demonstration of the superiority of the English in military skills and arms.
Note on the Governors of Calcutta or Fort William (1756-72)
Drake (1156–58) Capture of Calcutta by Siraj and Balck Hole Episode;
recapture of Calcutta by Clive; Battle of Plassey.
Clive (1758–60) Election of Clive as governor by the Council of Calcutta
(June 1758) and legalisation of this election by the home authorities of the
Company (December 1756); departure of Clive to England (February 1760).
Vansittart (1760–65) Replacement of Mir Jafar by Mir Qasim as the
Nawab (1760) and reinstatement of Mir Jafar (1763); Battle of Buxar (1764);
death of Mir Jafar and succession of Najm-ud- daula; conclusion of a treaty
(February 20, 1765) with the new nawab-administration to be left in the
hands of a deputy subahdar who would be nominated by the British and who
could not be dismissed by the nawab without their consent; major part of the
army of the nawab to be disbanded.