opponents and placing their supporters on the thrones in 1749.
Capture and execution of Chanda Sahib (he was killed by a general of
Tanjore, an ally of the British during the war-1752) and placement of
Muhammad Ali on the throne of the Carnatic.
Futile efforts of Dupleix to reverse the trend (1753-54), and his recall by the
French government (1754).
Retention of French position at Hyderabad through their agent Bussy.
Third War (1758-63)
The significant events of the war were:
Outbreak of the Seven Years’ War in Europe in 1756, the capture of
Chandranagore by Clive and Watson (1757) in Bengal and the arrival of
Count de Lally to retrieve the position of the French in India (1758).
Defeat of the French fleet under d’ Ache by the English navy under Pocock
in three naval battles, and the departure of d’ Ache for France (1759).
Defeat of Count Lally by the English General Eyre Coote in the Battle of
Wandiwash (a fort in the Carnatic state) (January 22, 1760).
Replacement of the French by the English as the Nizam’s protectors (March,
1760), surrender of Pondicherry to the English (1761) and loss of all other
settlements in India by the French.
Conclusion of peace and restoration of the settlements to the French (1763).
CONQUEST OF BENGAL
Battle of Plassey (1757)
Causes The causes which led to the battle of Plassey were:
Misinterpretation of the Mughalfarman (declaration) of 1717 by the British,
and their misuse of the dastaks or free passes.
Personality of Siraj-ud-daula: Being young and energetic, though
inexperienced and hasty, the new nawab wanted to impose the same
restrictions as was done by his predecessors on the British, who now felt
strong enough to oppose his authority after their success in south India.
The fortification of Calcutta by the British against the Nawab’s orders.