exercised it more frequently and extensively than any other Governor
General. The details of the Doctrine’s application varied considerably. The
Rajas of Satara and Jhansi had each adopted a son prior to their deaths (in
1847 and 1853 respectively). Despite this formal adoption, the Company
refused to acknowledge the adopted sons as heirs. In Nagpur, the ruler had no
son natural or adopted. The Company annexed that state at the Raja’s death
in 1853.
CARNATIC WARS
First War (1745-48)
The chronology of the main events of the war is listed as under:
Capture of the French ships by the English navy under Barnett (1745) and
retaliation of the French under Dupleix by the capture of Madras (1746).
Appeal of the English to the Carnatic nawab to save them from the French
and secure the release of Madras from the French.
Refusal of the French to obey the nawab (Anwarud-din) and the battle
between the forces of the nawab (10,000) and the French (around 1,000) at
St. Thome which resulted in a severe defeat to the Nawab, exposing the
weakness of the traditional Indian armies against the European trained
armies.
End of the War of Austrian Succession in Europe resulting in the end of
Anglo-French hostilities in India (1748) and restoration of Madras to the
English by the French.
Second War (1749-54)
The main events of the war were:
French support to Muzaffar Jung and Chanda Sahib in Hyderabad and
Carnatic respectively.
English support to their opponents in the two states (Nasir lung in Hyderabad
and Anwar-ud-din and later his son Muhammad Ali in the Carnatic).
Success of the French in both states in defeating and murdering their