forts, quite a few of which were won over by him by unfair means.
Reason (R): In each of his forts, he appointed three officers of equal rank as a
precaution and frequently transferred them.
Assertion (A): Baji Rao I assigned different territories to prominent Maratha
chiefs as their ‘spheres of influence’.
Reason (R): The various Maratha chiefs began to rule their respective areas
as independent rulers from the·time of Baji Rao I.
Assertion (A): The third battle of Panipat decided conclusively as to who was
to rule India.
Reason (R): The Maratha defeat in this battle was a major blow to their
dream of establishing ‘Hindupad Padshahi’.
Who said: ‘Let us strike at the trunk of the withering tree and the branches
will fall of themselves ... Thus should the Maratha flag fly from the Krishna
to the Indus.’
(a) Sivaji
(b) Balaji Viswanath
(c) Baji Rao I
(d) Balaji Baji Rao
Who opined in the following manner? ‘We shall hem Siva in like the centre
of a circle.’
(a) Aurangzeb
(b) Raja Jai Singh
(c) Shaista Khan
(d) Afzal Khan
Read the statement below and answer the following question.
‘The two pearls have been dissolved, 22 gold mohurs have been lost, and as
to silver and copper, the total can not be cast up.’ What is the meaning and
context of this statement?
(a) Material loss of Mughals due to Sivaji’s plunder of Surat in 1670
(b) Sivaji’s territorial loss due to the signing of the treaty of Purandhar.
(c) Nizam-ul-Mulk’s territorial loss due to his defeat in the battle of Bhopal
in 1737
(d) Marathas’ loss in human life due to their defeat in the third battle of