of the subsidiary force in Hyderabad (1800).
In 1853 Dalhousie coerced the Nizam to cede Berar in lieu of the subsidiary
Assistance of the Nizam to the British during the Revolt of 1857.
Foundation of the autonomous state of Carnatic (which was earlier one of the
subahs or provinces of the Mughals in the Deccan) with Arcot as its capital in
the 1720’s by Saadutullah Khan (who was its governor and was nominally
under the control of the nizam of HyderabAD).
Succession of Dost Ali (nephew of Saadutullah) as the nawab; his murder
by the Marathas in 1740; succession of Safdar Ali (son of Dost Ali) and his
murder by a relative–all these events invited the intervention of the Nizam in
the affairs of the Camatic. The latter appointed Anwar-ud-din as the Nawab
of the Carnatic (1743).
Chanda Sahib came to the throne by murdering Anwar-ud-din in 1749
with the help of the French, but he was also killed by an ally of the British,
who placed the son of Anwar, Muhammad Ali, on the throne in 1752. Lord
Wellesley pensioned off the last Nawab of Carnatic and annexed it in 1801.
Haider Ali (1761–82)
Beginning his career as a soldier in the service of the Mysore state (which
became independent under the Hindu Wodeyar Dynasty in 1565 after the fall
of Vijayanagar Empire), he had a meritorious record as the faujdar of
Dindigul. Training of the troops under him on western lines and
establishment of a modem arsenal (1755) with French help were his other
early achievements. His success in defending Seringapatam (capital of
Mysore) against the Marathas in 1759 was rewarded by conferring the title of
Fateh Haider Bahadur (brave victorious lion) on him by Nanjarajar (the
Prime Minister who was the de facto ruler though Chikka Krishna Raja I
continued to be the de jure ruler of Mysore.) Haider overthrew Nanjarajar
and assumed power in 1761, but continued to recognise Krishna Raja as the