(1781–82), and huge amounts were extracted from them.
Wazil Ali (1797–98)
The period of Wazir Ali (son of Asaf) was too brief and uneventful.
Saadat Khan
He was the elder brother of Asaf and came to the throne in 1798 with the help
of the British.
Saadat Ali
He signed a subsidiary treaty with Lord Wellesley in November 1801, by
which the Nawab was deprived of about half of his territory for the
maintenance of the subsidiary troops.
Wazil Ali Shah
When Awadh was annexed by Lord Dalhousie in February, 1856, this last
ruler of Awadh was pen- sioned off and deported to Calcutta.
Nizam-ul-Mulk Asaf Jah (1724–48)
His first term as the viceroy of the Deccan was between 1713 and 1715. (His
original name was Chinquilich Khan, but emperor Farukh Siyar conferred on
him the titles of ‘Khan-i-Dauran’ and later ‘Nizam-ul-Mulk’). His second
term as the viceroy of the Deccan fell between 1720 and 1722. His
appointment as the wazir of the Mughal Empire (1722–24) by Muhammad
Shah resulted in his disgust with Mughal Court politics and his march to the
Deccan without waiting for the Emperor’s permission (1724).
    Foundation of the state of Hyderabad by the Nizam (1724); inability of
the Mughal emperor to punish the Nizam; confirmation of the Nizam in the
Viceroyalty of the Deccan and grant of the title of ‘Asaf lah’ to him by the
Emperor (1725); practical independence of the Nizam, though he continued
to recognise the emperor as his sovereign, are some of the major
developments of this period.
    The reforms initiated by the Nizam include the establishment of peace