and his successors held both the ‘nawabship’ of Awadh and the ‘wazirshhip’
of the Mughal Empire. His wars against the Rohillas, the Jats and the
Marathas, resulted in the extension of his territories.
Shuja-ud-daula (1754–75)
Shuja-ud-daula (son of Safdar) succeeded to the nawabship of Awadh as well
as the wazirship of the Mughal empire (1754). He was involved in the Battle
of Buxar (1764) in which he lost Allahabad and Kara; paid a huge indemnity
to the British; and had to enter a defensive alliance with the British. He met
Warren Hastings and concluded the Treaty of Benaras (1773), whereby Kara
and Allahabad were sold to the Nawab, and British troops were stationed at
Awadh to protect the Nawab, for which he had to pay a subsidy to the British.
He defeated the Rohillas with the help of the British, and annexed
Rohilkhand to Awadh in 1774.
Asaf-ud-daula (1775–97)
The succession of Asaf-ud-daula was soon followed by the treaty of Faizabad
(1755) between him and the British.
Treaty of Faizabad (1775) The treaty, signed by him with the British soon
after coming to power, stipulated that:
the contracting parties shall not encourage their peasants in committing
hostilities and disturbances;
the Nawab promised not to entertain or receive Mir Qasim, the ex-subahdar
of Bengal;
the districts of Kara and Allahabad shall remain in the Nawab’s possession;
for his defence the Nawab gave to the Company sovereignty in perpetuity
over all the districts (Banaras, Ghazipur and Jaunpur) dependent upon Raja
Chait Singh;
the Nawab shall pay for a brigade of English troops, if stationed with him, a
sum of Rs 2.6 lakh per month;
if the Nawab is in need of assistance for the defence of any other of his
territories, he would have to pay an extra amount.·
    For the new Nawab, the treaty proved to be an expensive arrangement,
for while it increased his fiabilities it sharply de’creased his revenues.
    Asaf-ud-daula transferred his capital from Faizabad to Lucknow in 1775.