He granted the zamindari of Burdwan, Midnapore and Chittagong to the
British officials, besides paying them Rs 2.9 million. He introduced several
revenue and military reforms to strengthen his position. His reign saw the
beginning of the conflict between the Nawab and the British for sovereign
power. He transferred his capital from Murshidabad to Monghyr (1762). He
stopped the misuse of the dastaks (free passes allowed to the company) and
abolished all duties on internal trade against British wishes in order to protect
the Indian traders (1763).
During his reign the Battle of Buxar (October 22, 1764) was fought
between the British and the three allies (Mir Qasim, Shuja-ud-daula of
Awadh and Shah Alam II). This battle ended in the defeat of the allies by the
British forces under Major Hector Munro.
Mir Jafar (1763–65)
His reinstatement in 1763 by the British took place after the outbreak of the
war with Mir Qasim. He died in 1765.
Najm, son of Mir Jafar, was made the nawab in 1765 and remained a puppet
in the hands of the British during the period of ‘Dual System of
Government’. In 1772, he was pensioned off when the Company took over
the direct charge of Bengal.
Saadat Khan Burhan-ul-Mulk (1722–39)
He was appointed as the governor of Awadh by Emperor Muhammad Shah.
Later he founded an autonomous state there in 1722. He introduced several
revenue and military reforms, thereby making Awadh economically and
politically strong. He treated Hindus and Muslims equally in the matter of
employment. He was summoned to Delhi at the time of Nadir Shah’s
invasion. In 1739 he committed suicide for some unknown reason.
Safdar Jung (1739–54)
He was appointed as the wazir of the Mughal empire and granted the