Assertion (A): By his 24th regnal year, Akbar completed a series of revenue
reforms, which are together known as the ain-i-dahsala.
Reason (R): From Akbar’s 24th regnal year onwards, the only revenue
system that prevailed throughout his empire was the dahsala system.
Assertion (A): In the Mughal period, the residential pahis could, if they had
their own implements and draught animals, hope to acquire the status of
Reason (R): In medieval rural India, possession of implements and draught
animals was much more important than that of lands.
Assertion (A): A major characteristic feature of Mughal India was the slow
increase or near stagnation in agricultural production.
Reason (R): There is sufficient evidence to show a gradual expansion in the
total area under cultivation during the Mughal period.
Assertion (A): The European traders were instrumental in introducing and
developing the institution of hundis in Mughal period.
Reason (R): The merchant class of the Mughal period was a highly stratified
class economically as well as socially.
Assertion (A): The culture of the Mughal period is generally termed as the
Mughal court culture.
Reason (R): The Mughal court culture was an antithesis of Indian culture.
Assertion (A): Akbar dispensed with the practice of keeping revenue records
in the local languages, in addition to Persian.
Reason (R): In Mughallndia, Persian language and literature was well
developed and widely in use.
Read the following lines and answer the question. ‘If on earth be an Eden of
It is this, it is this, none but this.’
Who is the author and where is it found?
(a) Abdur Rahim Khan-i-Khanan—In his Persian translation of Tuzuk-i-
(b) Faizi-In the new Agra Fort
(c) Abul Fazl-In the Buland Darwaza at Fatehpur Sikri
(d) Amir Khusrau-In the Diwan-i-Khas           of the Red Fort at Delhi