important and serious one.
Reason (R): The Rathors were goaded into rebellion by Aurangzeb’s refusal
to recognise Ajit Singh, the posthumous son of Jaswant Singh, as the legal
Assertion (A): After the introduction of dagh and chahra in the mansab
system by Akbar in his 18th regnal year, the correlation between the
mansabdar’s rank and the number of horsemen maintained by him came into
Reason (R): Dagh and chahra decreased the possibility of fraud by the
mansabdar and fixed his rank according to the size of the contingent
maintained by him.
Assertion (A): The month-scale, introduced by Shah Jahan in the mansab
system, was a device to express the ratio between the jama and hasil.
Reason (R): The month-scale, along with the rule of one-third and one-fifth
doubled the military obligations of the mansabdars to the state.
Assertion (A): All mansabdars were Jagirdars, but all jagirdars were not
Reason (R): A few mansabdars were paid in cash and not through the
assignment of jagirs.
Assertion (A): Both Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb expanded the khalisa lands
considerably at the expense of the jagir lands.
Reason (R): The number of mansabdars of the Mughal empire increased
from around 2000 in 1605 to almost 12,000 by·1675.
Assertion (A): The Mughal emperors had complete sovereignty, not only
internally but also externally.
Reason (R): They refused to recognise any external authority like the caliph
as their superior.
Assertion (A): The Mughals, particularly Akbar, established a uniform pattern
of administration in all provinces.
Reason (R): Akbar is greatly indebted to Sher Shah Sur not only in local
administration but also in provincial administration.
Assertion (A): In the Mughal period the peasants were recognised as the
proprietors of the soil in the precapitalist  sense.