expanded—Iranis (Persians) comprised 28%, Turanis (Turks) 23%,
  Rajputs 16%, Indian Muslims 15%, Afghans 6% and Marathas 2%. This
  suggests that about 72% were Muslims, strategically divided by ethnicity.
  At lower imperial ranks, locally dominant caste groups were counter-
  balanced by foreigners and immigrants when possible; and this was most
  critical in the Mughal heartland. The Ain-i-Akbari shows that ten parganas
  of sarkar Delhi were held respectively by zamindars of different ethnic
  groups of Muslims and Hindus: Tonwars, Shaiksadahs, Rajputs, Gujars,
  Jats, Brahmins, Ahirs and Afghans.
  Afghans got the greatest proportion of tax free support for mosques and
  shrines, signifying their recruitment into the area by Mughal authorities;
  but locally powerful Rajputs and Jats clearly had the stronger military
  position, and Rajputs were left in command of two major hill forts,
  reflecting their independence and loyalty to the emperor.
Multi-Cultural Nature of Political Regimes All the later medieval
political regimes were in effect, multi-cultural.
Rajputs elevated their rank by marrying the Mughal nobility and by forming
Hindu-Muslim family ties.
Shahji Bhonsle, the Maratha leader, started his career by serving Deccan
sultans whose honours enabled him to rise in the ranks.
Eighteenth century Tamil Hindu Nayakas married Sinhala Buddhist kings at
Kandy to create a Hindu-Buddhist regime.
All the armies in Mughal and post-Mughal times included various cultural
groups.
Business families carried on financial dealings across cultural lines that by
1650, included many religions and sects of Jains, Bohras, Sunnis,
Ahmadiyas, Baniyas, Khatris, Arabs, Chettiyars, Armenians, Jews, Dutch,
English and others.
People shifted among sub-cultural sites with increasing regularity, blurring
their boundaries. Christian and Muslim converts typically retained their old
jati identities. Buddhists in Sri Lanka maintained caste ranks. Tribal groups
who became Hindus, kept many elements of tribal culture, including
marriage practices and rituals.