survive. The ancient Indian school of painting, direct descendant of the
classic frescoes of Ajanta, did not merge in the new developments under the
Mughals. Contacts with Persian and Mughal styles, however, provided strong
a stimulus to it, and it had an interesting revival. The revived Hinduism, the
bhakti cult, the picturesque ritual of the religion and keen interest in
mythological literature further aided its revival. It flourished in the courts of
Hindu princes of Rajasthan and Madhya Bharat. Jaipur, the capital of one of
the leading states of the Rajputs, became its famous center. Consequently, it
was known as the Rajput School of painting. It rose into prominence in the
later half of the 16th century and after the efflorescence of two hundred years
it declined.
Kangra or Pahari School Some families of Rajput painters found shelter
and patronage in the Himalayan states. Therefore, an offshoot of the Rajput
School of painting manifested itself in small states of the Punjab Himalayan
region in the 18th and 19th centuries. Some art critics have called it Kangra
School of painting, as Kangra was the leading Himalayan state; others have
designated it as Pahari School (belonging to the mountains). The Kangra or
Pahari School was noted for display of emotions. The subjects of Pahari or
Kangra paintings covered a wider field compared to those of the Rajput
paintings.
    COMPARISON OF MUGHAL AND RAJPUT SCHOOLS
  Let us now see the differences between the Mughal School and the Rajput
  School of painting.
  First of all, the Mughal school was aristocratic and genuinely realistic,
  while the Rajput school was democratic and chiefly mystic.
      –        The Mughal school was confined to the majesty and
          magnificence of the imperial court, hence it became limited to
          exhibiting the Mughal splendor and luxury.
      –       Rajput school, on the contrary, was the art of the people. Its
          themes were popular and familiar. It expressed through line and
          color, the emotions of a race reputed for its noble qualities and
          brave deeds. It was largely a folk art. Its religion and ceremonies,
          his pursuits and pastimes,   and the picturesque atmosphere of the