arrangement of squares, often subdivided into smaller squares to form
the figure of the char bagh. Paved pathways and water channels
follow the shapes of these squares, with oblique or curved lines used
rarely or not at all.
6. The entire garden was surrounded by a high enclosing wall to
ensure privacy as is seen in the Shalimar Bagh at Lahore, which
measures an oblong 1600’ × 900’.
7. The water supply required to maintain such gardens was often
brought in from distant sources by means of canals, which were in
themselves great feats of engineering.
The Mughal pictures were small in size, and hence are known as
Though the Mughal art absorbed the Indian atmosphere, it neither
represented the Indian emotions, nor the scenes from the daily life of the
Indian. It was mostly courtly and aristocratic
A keen appreciation of nature was another characteristic of the Mughal
Remarkable excellence achieved by the Mughal school in portrait-
Excellence of the Mughal artists in colour composition.
Humayun During his stay at the court of the Persian ruler, he could admire
the collection of illuminated manuscripts and see the artists at work. At
Tabriz he met two young painters, Mir Sayyid Ali and Abd-al-Samad (or
Abdus Samad), to whom he gave hope of future employment in case he
regained his kingdom. Later on those two joined him in Kabul and Abdus
Samad gave drawing lessons to