176 feet in height. Other important buildings at Fatehpur Sikri are Jodha
Bai’s palace (influence of Hindu style), palaces of Mariam and Sultana,
Birbal’s house, Diwan-i-Am and Diwan-i-Khas, and Panch Mahal (a
paramedical structure in Five storeys which shows influence of Buddhist
vihara).
Building of Mausoleums During Akbar’s reign, Humayun’s tomb at Delhi
was the first Mughal tomb to be placed in the centre of a large park-like
enclo-sure and it also marked the beginning of the use of white marble by the
Mughals. The tomb of Salim Chisti at Fatehpur Sikri was also built during
Akbar’s reign. Akbar’s tomb at Sikandara near Agra was started by Akbar
himself, but completed by his son, Jahangir. Influence of Buddhist vihara
could be seen in it.
    Tomb of Itimad-ud-daula at Agra, built by Nur Jahan for her father, was
constructed wholly of white marble with pietra-dura. Beginning of the
practice of putting up buildings entirely of marble, and a new method of
decoration, viz. pietra-dura (decoration of walls with floral designs made of
semiprecious stones).
    During Shah Jahan’s reign large-scale use was made of pietra-dura in his
buildings, especially Taj Mahal, which is considered as the jewel of a
builder’s art and which portrayed all Mughal architectural features. It was
built at the cost of Rs 50 lakhs at that time supposedly by Ustad Isa.
Building of Masjids During Babur’s reign four mosques, one each at
Sambhal, Panipat (in Kabul Bagh), Agra (old fort) and Ayodhya were built.
Jami Masjid at Fatehpur Sikri built during Akbar’s reign is one of the most
magnificent buildings. Shah Jahan’s reign saw the climax as seen in Moti
Masjid at Agra (built entirely in white marble) and Jama Masjid at Delhi
(built in red sand stone). The Mughal architectural traditions were continued
into the 18th and early 19th centuries. Their influence in provincial and
regional kingdoms is clearly visible. Many features of Mughal tradition can
be seen in the Golden Temple at Amritsar.