Back to Projects JOIN WHATSAPP GROUP Free PSC MCQ 4 Lakhs+ Please Write a Review Current Affairs 2018 to 2022 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 1 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 2 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 3 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 4 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 5
Kerala PSC Indian History Book Study Materials Page 1406Book's First Page
few grains in weight. Gigantic pieces are also to ambassadors, and appear to have been merely used as a convenient form in which to store treasure. Types of Coins The standard gold coin of the Mughals was the muhar, of about 170 to 175 grains, the equivalent of nine rupees in Abul Fazl’s time. Half and quarter muhars are known to have been issued by several emperors, and a very few smaller pieces, also. The rupee, adopted from Sher Shah’s currency, is the most famous of all Mughal coins. The name occurs only once, on a rupee of Agra minted in Akbar’s forty-seventh regnal year. Halves, quarters, eighths and sixteenths were also struck. In Surat the half rupee appears to have been in special demand. In addition to the regular gold and silver currency, special small pieces were occasionally struck for largess; the commonest of these is the nisdr, struck in silver by Jahangir, Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb. Jahangir also issued similar pieces, which he called nur af shan and khair qabul. The Mughal copper coinage is based on Sher Shah’s dam which with its half, quarter and eighth, continued to be struck until the fifth year of Aurangzeb. The name dam occurs only once on a half dam of Akbar. The usual term employed is fulus (copper money) or sikkah fulus (stamped copper money). The names nisfi (half dam), damra (quarter dam), damri (one eighth of a dam) also appear on Akbar’s copper. Main Features Perhaps the most distinctive feature of the Mughal coinage is the diversity of mints. Akbar’s known mints number seventy six. Copper was struck in fifty nine of these, the largest number recorded for any emperor, while silver is known from thirty nine. Aurangzeb’s conquests in the Deccan raised the silver mints to seventy, whereas copper mints sank to twenty four. Such was the coinage of the Great Mughals. Considering it as the output of a single dynasty, which maintained the high standard and purity of its gold and silver for three hundred years, considering also its variety, the number of its mints, the artistic merit of some of its series, the influence it exerted on contemporary and subsequent coinages, and the importance of its standard coin—the rupee—in the commerce of today, the Mughal currency surely deserves to rank as one of the great coinages of the world.